In the Plant Kingdom, the newest technologies have traced the routes by which carbon flows from roots to fungi and nitrogen flows the other direction.

New processes include isotopic labeling, spectroscopic analysis, and gene characterization and expression measurements to develop working models for carbon and nitrogen metabolism and transport for the answer to questions about their mechanisms.

Science Daily (Nov. 15, 2012) — At least one-third of the species that inhabit the world’s oceans may remain completely unknown to science. That’s despite the fact that more species have been described in the last decade than in any previous one, according to a report published online on November 15 in the Cell Press publication-Current Biology-that details the first comprehensive register of marine species of the world — a massive collaborative undertaking by hundreds of experts around the globe.

Science has spoiled us. Whether it’s a new planet that seems a lot like Earth, wireless technology innovations or the cloning of extinct creatures, we have become accustomed to brilliant minds bringing us new wonders. It’s hard to understand them, or even keep up. So we have decided to give you a sneak peek at the future. This way, you have time to wrap your head around the next big things, plus be the first to tell your friends.

Link to complete article, Science Daily:

While fewer species live in the ocean than on land, marine life represents much older evolutionary lineages that are fundamental to our understanding of life on Earth. – Ward Appeltans of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO

Scientists have observed that if a plant is infected by some kind of disease it will transmit information to the other plants of its network and those plants will not be so aggressively attacked because of the warning enabling them to defend themselves.

Those networks, pictured above, called mycorrhizae, are fungus that colonize the host plants’ roots and look like white threads that hang off all the roots. They are known for being used to exchange nutrients and water.